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YOUNG ORFFYREUS

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YOUNG ORFFYREUS
HIS INSPIRING DREAM
HIS MAJOR WHEELS
THE WHEEL AT GERA ( 1712 )
THE WHEEL AT DRASCHWITZ (1714 )
WANDERING ORFFYREUS AND HIS ENEMIES
THE WHEEL AT MERSEBERG 1715 .
THE EXAMINATION AT MERSEBURGH
ORFFYREUS DESTROYS MESEBURGH WHEEL
COUNT KARL, LEIBNIZ AND ORFFYREUS
WHEEL AT THE WEISSENSTEIN ( 1717 )
KARL WATCHES THE SECRET
EXAMINATION OF WEISSENSTEIN WHEEL ( 1717 )
EYE WITNESSES OF WEISSENSTEIN WHEEL
DIALOGUES AT THE CASTLE OF WEISSENSTEIN
ORFFYREUS DESTROYES THE WHEEL
CONTRACT WITH CZAR : SILVER LINING
CONSPIRACY BY GARTNER AND MAID
1730 : COUNT KARL DIES
DEATH OF ORFFYREUS 1745
PERSONALITY OF ORFFYREUS
DRAWINGS OF ORFFYREUS WHEELS
ORFFYREUS' APOLOGIA POETICA
DAS TRIUMPHIRENDE PERPETUUM MOBILE ORFFYREANUM
MASCHINEN TRACTATE (TREATISE ON MACHINES)
QUALITY OF EVIDENCE : CONCLUSION
ORFFYREUS' TIMES
Collection of Clues about Bessler Wheel
FALSE SPECULATIONS AND WEIRD EXPLANATIONS
WHERE DOES ENERGY COME FROM ?
A TRIBUTE TO ORFFYREUS
FAVORITE LINKS TO PERPETUAL MOTION
BOOKS ON PERPETUAL MOTION
ARTICLES ON PERPETUAL MOTION
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
MY RESUME
ORFFYREUS/ BESSLER DISCUSSION FORUM
CONTACT ME
Locations on Google Map

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Orffyreus' Early Life, Family and Training

        

                Very few particulars of his personal life have come down to us. “If Orffyreus had lived a century later he would have been pursued by prying journalists, and we would have a detailed history of the rest of his life.”  Says Inquisitor, Warfalcon of Ultima

 

  The dream of perpetual motion undoubtedly can be a reality but unfortunately, putative law of the conservation of energy, which states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, has put mankind into dark. In other words, law erroneously states that you cannot get more energy out of a machine than you put into it.  So it is irritating to those who believe in perpetual motion.  We have to admit that many inventors in past built perpetual motion machine that have defied all attempts at explanation.  Story of Orffyreus is indeed unique. Orffyreus was born in Germany in the year 1681 when Germany split into many quasi states and was recovering from losses that were caused by epidemic plague and Thirty years war.  His original name was Johann Ernst Elias Bessler.  He belonged to Zittau, Saxony in Germany. Zittau is now a city in present day Germany very close to the border with Poland and also close to the Czech Republic.  

     

       His Family

 

In his book, Collins provides additional information. His father was Andreas Bessler and was what was termed a day-labourer, which according to Collins means that he was available for work and hired by the day. His mother was Maria (nee Mauck). They were married in 1680 (on the 6th Sunday after Epiphany). Maria had a sister, Regina. Bessler’s grandfather was George Bessler, also a day-labourer and his wife was Maria (nee Schutz). After she died in 1693 he remarried, 14th June,1694 a Miss Rosina Schwartzbachs. George died in February 1701. Andreas and Maria had Bessler christened on Tuesday 6th May 1681. Between 1683 and 1693 had five more sons three of whom died in infancy. The parents went to live with Bessler and remained with him until their deaths. His mother, Maria died in July or August 1727.

 

Collins tells us that Bessler’s brother, Gottfried was christened on 26th May 1688. Bessler married Anne Rosin Mauersberg and they had one daughter.  Some time after she died in 1726, Bessler remarried and, Collins believes, had two more daughters who married a preacher and a blacksmit. Church took the responsibility of educating him. It seems that his father sowed early seeds of mechanical interest in Orffyreus. At childhood, Orffyreus learnt his first lesson of building wheel from his father. His father made a small toy wheel for him to play with.  ..."(On p. 23 of Collins' book).       Orffyreus, son of a skilled mason also learnt architecture from his father as he made drawings of a great many ancient buildings, including baths, basilicas, amphitheatres, and temples, particularly studying the construction of architectural elements, such as vaults and cupolas. The object of his architectural researches, however, was not to learn to reproduce architecture, but to enrich the architecture of his own time and to perfect his engineering skills. He learnt basic mathematical and mechanical principles.  When he was young, he wanted these mathematical principles of beauty to be those seen by all observers.

 

Orffyreus was a mechanical prodigy.  Orffyreus was one of a extraordinary kind. His creative ability was soon apparent. Without any formal training in science, largely unfamiliar with the details of the works of scientist, Orffyreus took up interest in practical mechanics as an amateur, but with great enthusiasm. Alden E. Park also mentions that young Orffyreus was an exceptional student of such things as science, mathematics, languages, and mechanics.  Among his many skills, he knew how to build clocks, watches, mills, and organs. He also understood smelting and casting. “Like Leonardo, he seems to have been a man of many talents, and studied theology, medicine and painting as well as mechanics.  And in his early thirties he announced that he had discovered the secret of perpetual motion.” says Inquisitor, Warfalcon of Ultima.

 

Orffyreus eventually became so skilled and dexterous that he was able to master new and unfamiliar techniques in a very short time. This attention to techniques, which had developed from an intelligent curiosity, became a habit. He had fascination for novel inventions. Orffyreus felt that he had to master new technique before he had even considered whether it was of any use to him, so that over the years his technical knowledge became most impressive.  His love for first hand discovery of the secrets of life and nature, his penetrating vision to read spiritual principles behind scientific laws man's physical, biological and others - were unique.

            

Orffyreus was a unique virtuoso.  He traveled extensively and learned many trades. In the time of the Orffyreus, science and art were not separated: you could be an inventor and designer, an experimenter and a poet, a dreamer and an entrepreneur all at once. He became skilled in various crafts and was fascinated by secret doctrines.  He had a desire to be a member of esoteric circles and learn occult.  He earned his livelihood by designing and applying medical cures.  Perpetual motion was the main cause of his perpetual mobility and Orffyreus became so restless that he was incapable of staying in one place for any length of time, and was always looking for a change of scenery and for new impressions. During his lifetime, he had traveled the length and breadth of Europe.  The haste with which he did everything was abnormal. He always felt that he was going to discover something great.  Deep below this turbulence, it is not hard to imagine that  ‘seeds of perpetual motion’ definitely existed in his soul in a potential form, which would flower at a suitable time.  He was a pious man.  His longing to have vision of God motivated him to meet rabbis*, priests, and those knowledgeable in religion and occult doctrines.  Moreover, these people may have blessed him to achieve perpetual motion.  It is possible that someone among them raised interest into him to invent a machine, which would move forever without inputs of energy .i.e. a perpetual motion machine that would be a blessing to mankind.

 

Young Orffyreus was Jack-of-all-trades but later he became master of perpetual motion at the age of 31. He lived an adventurous life and wandered as a glasscutter, clock maker, wood turner, gem carver, copper engraver, organ builder, and soldier, which took him to many European countries.  Then, at the age of 20, Orffyreus felt he had to return to Germany.  He settled near his native town and started working on machines. Now by dedicating his life to perpetual motion, he decided to direct his remarkable energy into perpetual motion which he though would be great technology that was both liberating and civilizing but was beyond the understanding of even famous names in science. The nature of the subject he finally chose to undertake and solve to perfection displays his genius. He concentrated on perpetual motion with all his resolve. He tried a large number of designs but none of them worked. However, every failure guided him to improve something and add it into the next design.  He tried hard yet success eluded him.  It distressed him and caused big frustration in his mind. 


His financial position was in shambles. He needed money to continue his experiments so he had no option but to leave his work on perpetual motion for a while. He decided to enter the service of a relative, an organ-builder, and technician.  Orffyreus became interested in use of machines to eliminate hand labor, for example sawing timber, for working the bellows of the furnaces, for pumping the water out of mines and running all other types of machinery. He felt quite at home in any factory.

 

Orffyreus was the type of man who was asked to investigate the trouble in machineries.  Factory man would often invite him to repair the trouble. As an apprentice, he visited smaller German towns, venturing as far as Prague.  He learned a lot about the nature of forces and knew how to direct them to achieve desired ends. He acquired extensive practical skills in designing and operating levers and transmission structures. He spent much time in the investigation of hoisting machines, engines for raising water, water wheels, water mills, water screws, Ctesibios's pump, water organs, odometers, and he passed from peace engines to war ones, catapults or scorpiones, ballistae, stringing and tuning of catapults, siege engines, tortoises for filling ditches, Hegetor' s ram and tortoise.  His success in resolving the mechanical problems gave Orffyreus an incentive to concentrate further on the general problems of machines - their economies and efficiencies but Orffyreus went further, far ahead until he invented perpetual motion. 



REFERENCES:

*Perpetual Motion:  An Ancient Mystery Solved? J.Collins

 

* Spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation; qualified to expound and apply the halakhah and other Jewish law. His biographer Collins mentions that Orffyreus was  an intermediary between the Jesuit priest and the elderly Rabbi in Prague. (pages: 25-26, 185, 190 ) Collins wrote on his p.25, ‘As was his custom, Orffyreus extracted as much knowledge as he could from the old man, learning something of Hebrew, and ancient Hieroglyphics, “the language of nature and the writings of angels”.

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These animated perpetual motion  rings will either race around on their own or make you dizzy as they circle your mouse. 

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                                      Copyright 2005 Dr. Ramesh Menaria all rights reserved.