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DAS TRIUMPHIRENDE PERPETUUM MOBILE ORFFYREANUM

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YOUNG ORFFYREUS
HIS INSPIRING DREAM
HIS MAJOR WHEELS
· THE WHEEL AT GERA ( 1712 )
THE WHEEL AT DRASCHWITZ (1714 )
WANDERING ORFFYREUS AND HIS ENEMIES
THE WHEEL AT MERSEBERG 1715 .
THE EXAMINATION AT MERSEBURGH
ORFFYREUS DESTROYS MESEBURGH WHEEL
COUNT KARL, LEIBNIZ AND ORFFYREUS
WHEEL AT THE WEISSENSTEIN ( 1717 )
KARL WATCHES THE SECRET
EXAMINATION OF WEISSENSTEIN WHEEL ( 1717 )
EYE WITNESSES OF WEISSENSTEIN WHEEL
DIALOGUES AT THE CASTLE OF WEISSENSTEIN
ORFFYREUS DESTROYES THE WHEEL
CONTRACT WITH CZAR : SILVER LINING
CONSPIRACY BY GARTNER AND MAID
1730 : COUNT KARL DIES
DEATH OF ORFFYREUS 1745
PERSONALITY OF ORFFYREUS
DRAWINGS OF ORFFYREUS WHEELS
ORFFYREUS' APOLOGIA POETICA
DAS TRIUMPHIRENDE PERPETUUM MOBILE ORFFYREANUM
MASCHINEN TRACTATE (TREATISE ON MACHINES)
QUALITY OF EVIDENCE : CONCLUSION
ORFFYREUS' TIMES
Collection of Clues about Bessler Wheel
FALSE SPECULATIONS AND WEIRD EXPLANATIONS
WHERE DOES ENERGY COME FROM ?
A TRIBUTE TO ORFFYREUS
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By: BESSLER, Johann Ernst Elias, pseud. OrffyOrffyreus

Triumphans Perpetuum Mobile Orffyreanum  


Full Title: Das Triumphirende Perpetuum Mobile Orffyreanum an alle Potentaten, hohe Häupter, Regenten und Stände der Welt. In gebürender Submission zu etwanniger Erhandlung vorgestellet, und als ein Antrag entworffen, von dessen Inventore.

               In 1719, 2 years after the last demonstration of his machine at Castle of Weissenstein, Kassel, Orffyreus published his book, The Triumphant Orffyrean Perpetuum Mobile. He wrote it German and Latin.  In his time, the medium of instruction was Latin therefore; Latin text was addressed to the contemporary scientists, while the German was meant for the public.  Book can still be found in the libraries of the United States, Russia, and Europe. In his book, Orffyreus gives description of his machine without revealing the secret.  He also describes how he started to construct perpetual motion machines.  He extols the virtue of his machine working hard, raising and lowering basket of stones and buckets of water. 

He also presents a brief account of history of perpetual motion machines. He praises his patron and supporter, Karl alone but we are surprised to see that the name of Leibniz who helped him a lot does not appear.  He complains about the world and his enemies.  He lists his opponents under four categories: the scientific world, persons in high authority, the public in general, and the press.

 

                    John Collins has released recently 'DAS TRIUMPHIRENDE...'now available for purchase -both in hard copy and electronic format.

Collins version, in his own words: “Das Triumphans is a more professional-looking publication written in both German and Latin prose and discusses the history of the search for perpetual motion. It contains reproductions of all of the certificates Bessler won, including descriptions of the tests carried out at the examinations and the names of the chief examiners. There are also a number of laudatory letters and poems included. It also has many drawings of the various wheels, which also contain several undeciphered clues to the secret. I believe that the clues were inserted in case Bessler needed to be able, at some later date, to point to the clues and decipher them as proof that he was first with a successful PM design. I have deciphered some of the more obscure clues and believe that more will be solved soon, but some of the other more obvious ones have so far beaten me."

 

            Following excerpts are very remarkable as we find in them, Orffyreus revealing to us   working mechanism of his machine in his own style. 

 

“I put all in fresh order, and began work in all possible haste, doing everything in the manner of those I had already made and destroyed, with only a few changes in the dimensions of the so-named turning-wheel. For as a grindstone may be called a wheel, so may the principal part of my machine be named. The outward part of this wheel is drawn over or covered with waxed linen in the form of a drum. This cylindrical basis was 12 Rhenish feet in diamter, the thickness from 15 to 18 inches, the middle axle 6 feet long and 8 inches in thickness. It is supported in its movement on two pointed steel balance-pegs, each 1 inch thick; and the wheel is vertically suspended. The movement is modified by two pendulums, as shown in the engraving at the end of this book. The inward structure of the wheel is of a nature according to the laws of mechanical perpetual motion, so arranged that by disposed weights once in rotation they gain force from their own swinging, and must continue their movement as long as their structure does not lose its position and arrangement. Unlike all other automata, such as clocks or springs or other hanging weights which require winding up or whose duration depends on the chain which attaches them, on the contrary, these weights are the essential parts and constitute perpetuum mobile itself; as from them is retreived the universal movement which they must exercise so long as they remain out of the center of gravity; and when they come to be placed together, and so arranged one against another that they can never obtain equilibrium, or the punctum quietus which they unceasingly seek in their wonderous speedy flight, one or other of them must apply its weight vertically to the axis, which in its turn will also move.”

 

(Quote Source:"Perpetuum Mobile" by Dircks)


" The internal structure of the machine is of a nature according to the laws of mechanical perpetual motion, so arranged that certain disposed weights, once in rotation, gain force from their own swinging, and must continue this movement as long as their structure does not lose its position and arrangement."

" Unlike all other automata, such as clocks or springs, or other hanging weights which required winding up, or whose duration depends on the chain which attaches them, these weights, on the contrary, are the essential parts, and constitute the perpetual motion itself; since from them is received the universal movement which they must exercise so long as they remain out of the center of gravity; and when they come to be placed together, and so arranged one against another that they can never obtain equilibrium, or the punctum quietus which they unceasingly seek in their wonderfully speedy flight, one or other of them must apply its weight at right angles to the axis, which in its turn must also move."

 

Das Triumphirende Perpetuum Mobile Orffyreanum

Johann Bessler, Kassel, 1719, pp. 16-23

Provided by Al Bacon

Translation by Ted of Chicago

 

“Except for a small change in the external dimensions of the wheel for raising weights (or so-called "running wheel"), I have organized everything together in accordance with those structures of the previous machine which I had broken to pieces. These small changes occurred by chance and do not need to be defended.

Around the firmly placed horizontal axis is a rotating disc (or lower cylinder) which resembles a grindstone. This disc can be called the principle piece of my machine. Accordingly, this wheel consists of an external wheel (or drum) for raising weights which is covered with stretched linen. The base of the cylinder is 12 Rhenish feet in diameter. The height (or thickness) is between 15 and 18 inches. The axle (or shaft) passing through the center is 6 feet long and 8 inches thick cross-sectionally. While in motion it is supported by two almost one-inch-thick tapered steel pegs, whose two bearings (or sockets) with two curves around the axle provide the rotational motion of the whole vertically suspended wheel through application of pendula, which can be somewhat modified, as the attached figures at the end of this treatise clearly show. The internal structure of this drum (or wheel) consists of weights arranged according to several a priori, that is, scientifically demonstrable, laws of mechanical perpetual motion. After the wheel completes a single rotation, or after a single force is applied to the wheel, the motion drives the wheel unceasingly. As long as the wheel’s whole structure does not change, the wheel continues its revolutions without any further assistance from external motive power. Other automatic machines, such as clockwork, springs, and hoisting weights, necessarily require an external restoring force. The upper weight is not attached to an external mechanism, nor does it rely on external moving bodies by means of whose weight revolutions continue as long as the cords or chains on which they hang permit. As long as it remains outside the center of gravity, this upper weight incessantly exercises universal motion from which the essential constituent parts of the machine receive power and push. These parts are enclosed in a case and are coordinated with one another so that they not only never again reach an equilibrium (or point of rest) for themselves but incessantly seek with their admirably fast swing to move and drive on the axis of their vortices loads that are vertically applied from the outside and are proportional to the size of the housing. The mechanical wheel not only bears the name of the long sought perpetual motion machine; it deserves to be named for such motion. It uses one of the best known implements for mechanical power, namely, a true circular wheel which rotates about its central axis.

Special trials have demonstrated for eyewitnesses that this mechanical wheel is a self-rotating system of several heavy bodies and will be as long as the bodies remain heavy and the universe exists.”  

- Johann E. E. Bessler, 1717 

 

  

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