DIALOGUES AT THE CASTLE OF WEISSENSTEIN
are two modes of historical composition, the artistic and the scientific. In representing story of Orffyreus and his perpetual
motion machines, Ramananda has followed a mixed pattern. Perpetual motion, in a subject so cheerful as that to which his book
“The Secret Doctrine of Perpetual Motion Revealed” is devoted, the romantic and the scientific are altogether
present. In artistic composition, man and his imagination is at the focus. It means that man is the originator of events;
therefore historian selects some prominent individual, pictures him under a fanciful form, and makes him the hero of a romance.
So does Ramananda. In his work Orffyreus is portrayed as a hero of perpetual motion. However, his artistic portrayal does
not necessarily invalidate the essential facts. The artistic style in many cases may give origin to compositions, which, however
much they may interest or delight us, are but sometimes unscientific. On the other hand, the scientific mode of composition
insists on facts and often lacks human values and beauty. It emphasize that
human affairs present an unbroken chain, in which each fact is antecedent the offspring of some preceding fact, and the parent
of some subsequent fact. The story of Orffyreus as portrayed by Ramananda suggests that men do not control events, but that
events control men. In spite of his hard work Orffyreus fails in the end. If Leibniz had not died, things for Orffyreus would
have been different. These unfortunate events sternly impress us with a
conviction of the irresistible dominion of law, and the insignificance of human exertions.
Before we enter into the dialogues,
let us recapitulate previous part of the story.
Count Karl had good interest in science
and he often enjoyed scientific discussions with scientist. In previous pages we have read that in 1721 Joseph Emmanuel Fischer
(1693- 1742), an architect
in court of Austria and Willem Jacob van Gravesande (1688 - 1742), physicist and friend of Newton examined Orffyreus machine.
They were fully convinced that Orffyreus was a genuine inventor.
When Count Karl learnt about Gravesande’s
book and especially about his Magic lantern in it, he decided to call him from Leiden to demonstrate him his physico-mathematical
experiments. Soon Gravesande arrived and demonstrated his experiments. Count
Karl also used this opportunity to learn physicist’s views on Orffyreus perpetual motion. So they fell into a lengthy discussion on perpetual motion – whether Orffyreus’ wheel really
was a true piece of perpetual motion. The Landgrave asserted that it was, but Gravesande could not believe it. He already had seven-year experience of exposing the tricks of fraudulent inventors. At this instance, he also expected that he would be able to expose the trick so he eagerly desired to examine
Orffyreus machine. Count Karl ordered Orffyreus to demonstrate his machine to
learned Gravesande, but without telling him who Gravesande was. Orffyreus obeyed the order and demonstrated his machine in
the presence of the Landgrave.
From here, Ramananda takes up the story and recast it in a dialogue form in his book. The following
excerpts taken from the chapter “Dialogues at the Castle of Weissenstein” are interesting to read..
Dialogues Begin Here
How did you stumble on such a treasure?’
asked Count Karl.
have many different kinds of machine all running on different principles. They
can be moved by weights, balls, springs, internal gears, internal water, oil, alcohol and wind1. Sir I had a strangely invigorating dream prior to inventing
my machine.’ Orffyreus replied.
you explain it? asked Gravesande.
vague feeling of ‘wanting something’ developed strongly in me. I had a vague desire. Day and night, I was restless
for that, I knew not what. I asked God for help. Then I was looking different visions of nature. One night I had an invigorating
dream that set me on my perpetual motion journey I acknowledge God’s help in helping me to understand and consider things
that I might not. It was all God’s grace.’ Orffyreus answered.
‘Still, I am amazed how you could invent it. Surely, you are a genius! ’ Count Karl exclaimed.
far as I can see there is nothing particular in me to distinguish me or set me apart from my fellow beings, I can only describe
my self as an ordinary human being, a cleric in the service of God. I cannot
think of anything in me on which I can lay my fingers and say that, that probably was what procured for me this reward or
grace. Then why did God was kind enough to accept me or more correctly select
me for this invention? I really don’t know.’
spoke in a submissive manner.
“Tell us precisely about the various mechanical parts your huge wheel contains?”
wheel is supported between two broken columns; cut out for bearings. My wheel
is an assembly of many parts all in motion for the sake of motion. It moves as rain drops drip or snowflakes fall. In my machine
a hammer blows on an ordinary anvil; the Driver drives; the Runner runs; Seer sees; Buyer buys; the Shotgun Shoots and the
Bow twangs.’ Orffyreus replied.
I don’t understand what you say; how is it possible?’ Gravesande
is easily possible, you will see it for yourself.’ Replied Orffyreus.
‘I am not convinced of this arrangement at all. Perhaps I should
understand your wheel better from the drawing, if you could draw, which shall also make it easier to discuss.’ Gravesande desired.
‘Is it really
a wheel? For it does not have a normal rim. Rim that you see is just to hide
the mechanism. If I uncover it you would then ask whether this is really a wheel.
My wheel revolves, but without other wheels inside or outside, and without weights, wind or springs. You see sir, when my wheel seen sideways or full-face it is as bright as a peacock’s tail. It turns to the right and the left; it spins around in either direction, laden or empty.2’ Orffyreus explained to professor.
‘Would you explain me the working and internal structure of the machine? Gravesande
Are ye also yet without understanding?” That shall be done, sir but only after I am paid my money, which his Excellency,
Karl, has promised me to pay. But sir, for your greater satisfactions, I want
you to move the machine and also let me demonstrate you a few experiments which I have planned to convince you about the ability
of the machine. I am sure it will surprise you.’ Orffyreus replied.
He continued: ‘You can start the machine by giving a jerk in whatever fashion you want,
clockwise or anticlockwise. Once you start the machine it would go forever until
its machinery lasts. The force of your hand with
which you start the machine will multiply forever inside, and then you can extract power from the machine to do all useful
work for indefinite period
of time. It will never exhaust in its power. It is so well designed that it is
not necessary to stop it to carry out repairs or servicing.3” Orffyreus said proudly.
from nothing ! That is indeed a great achievement. Though it is hard to believe but no doubt
Orffyreus has done it! Bravo! Count Karl exclaimed.
‘What do you mean? Do
you mean to disapprove popular opinion of all the leaders in natural philosophy? That
is whatever is gained in motion is not lost equally.’ Gravesande interrogated.
I cannot believe because Sir Newton also holds the opinion that seekers after perpetual motion are trying to get something
from nothing. What you have said is contrary to the laws of nature.’ Gravesande argued.
neither disapprove nor I have courage to go against the popular doctrine, but my machine, which creates enough force to do
all useful work for an indefinite period without feeding on any force, is direct proof.
It contradicts popular opinion of man of natural philosophy that vis viva is always conserved.’ Orffyreus maintained. ‘In my opinion sir, Nature operates on the same principle and display same mechanism
in celestial movements. I consider gravity to be a creative force’ Orffyreus added further.
‘Does your machine draw on gravity? asked Gravesande.
‘It draws? I
would not prefer to say that; rather I would say, sir, my machine moves under influence of out-flowing river of swirling force
that we call gravity. Same force moves the heavens, in the similar manner. Undoubtedly, the falling weights are the only source
of power4’ Orffyreus answered.
said further: ‘I do not know whether so far any scientist has sincerely experimented with gravity and ever made rigorous
efforts to invent perpetual motion as I did. What have they done? I consider their weird speculations on gravity are far from truth. Borelli understood the role of gravitation
in planetary motion but not perpetual motion, Robert Hooks ideas on gravity are also far ahead of Newton, I am sorry to say
that their theoretical speculations on gravity has no practical relevance.’
‘I do not agree with that, how do you know that?’ Gravesande
‘This I was told by Leibnitz
when he took interest in my machine. I wanted to learn calculus from him and he desired to learn perpetual motion from me.
He told me that Borelli and Hook had already discovered law of universal gravitation. Unfortunately, Leibniz died even before
taking part in examination of my pendulum at Kassel. If he were alive today, things would have been different to scientific
world and me. ’ Orffyreus replied.
am sorry for that. Of course, Borelli and Hook were not far from truth, but their ideas were mere conjectures. What was needed was a rigorous proof that the planetary motions obey the forces of attraction and that
the existence of gravitation really explains the observed regularities of these motion.
Only Issac Newton did this by propounding law of gravitation. I give full
credit to him for his discovery.’ Gravesande gave the explanation.
my machine clearly demonstrates that planetary motion is definitely perpetual motion, there is no point in rejecting perpetual
motion, I regret learned man do it without understanding forces of Nature.” Orffyreus
‘Orffyreus let me know at least what is the real source of
motive power in your machine. I cannot believe gravity as the source of motive power. Does it move by power of magnets?’ Gravesande enquired.
I wonder why you don’t believe my words. It moves by gravity only! The same force, which keeps the planets always moving on in their orbits with great power even
in presence of friction..’ Orffyreus exclaimed.
‘That is false, I cannot believe.’ Gravesande rejected what Orffyreus said.
you want to claim that you know celestial laws better than what sir Issac Newton understands?’ Gravesande retorted.
sir, I do not mean that. I am nothing in front of him. However, I will exercise my right of freedom to express my opinions
without being dogmatic and without fearing what big men have said before.’ Orffyreus
‘But movements of planets are due to inertia and force of gravity.
They have ideal conditions of movement too like absence of friction in their paths, which are easiest one. When a thing is
set to move, if there is no friction, thing will go on moving forever without a stop. Same is the case with planetary motion.’ Gravesande explained.
significant is the problem of friction in your machine? How do you eliminate it? Fischer asked.
raindrops drip or snowflakes fall, they sweep and cleanse the air of dust particles that would be a detriment to the operation
of my pendulum. My pendulum for reliable, long-lasting service should be operated
in a clean nearly dust-free environment.’ Orffyreus replied.
‘Mr. Orffyreus, you again speak in parables.’ Gravesande
made a complaint.
“You are talking in circles, try to be specific about motion of various parts in your
machine. Fischer also wanted a clarification.
machine is capable of moving itself endlessly, friction does not stop it, moreover it can bear load in the form of the work
it does. I am sure my machine is analogues to design of planetary motion. This is why I call it to be a true piece of perpetual
motion because it imitates the mechanism, which keeps planets moving forever in their specific paths even in presence of the
friction. Once you understand the design of my machine, sir, you will stop to advocate that it is only the inertia and the
gravity that moves the planets. Without incorporating perpetual motion in scheme of celestial mechanics, it is hard for me
to conceive regular movements of heavenly bodies. ’ Orffyreus explained.
‘In cosmos, I believe a multitude
of forces wrestle with each other and they act on planets too. Rays of sun exerts
pressure and strike against the planets, they cause tail of broom star to appear behind it.
Seasons and storms work against the motion of earth yet world moves with its unending regularity. All proves to me that friction exists; yet, they move forever. Without
Perpetual motion, they will fail to maintain their motion in the course of time. Design
of my machine is analogues to world system. I have put eight heavy weights in my machine, which represents eight planets of
our world. The large axle of my machine represents the sun. Heavy weights in my machine encircle around the axle to form an
elliptical path, in the similar manner, as planets encircle around the sun. Whilst moving around axle, they recede and come
closer to the center. They balance against each other and impart motion to the
wheel.’ Orffyreus explained further.
‘I have also investigated that my machine obeys the Kepler’s laws
of motion therefore it represents perfect picture of the world.’ Orffyreus
Orffyreus!’ Count Karl exclaimed.
us something how does your machine creates such an instant force”? Gravesande enquired.
machine is exceedingly force greedy or selfish or you may say "thrifty" if you prefer in that it greedily draws force to itself. It works in layered parts but it fights force-loss-friction at all places possible,
so as not to lose any of the precious force which in greedy fashion it sips out of the force -rich raging river of gravity. My machine moves under influence of out flowing river of swirling force that we call
gravity.” Orffyreus replied.
“ Is there any hope you will ever uncover your machine to let
the world know your secrets?” asked Gravesande who was then embarrassed by Orffyreus explanations.
covering mantle wheel around my invention helps to visually protect it from the curious-greedy people of this world who would
claim my invention as their invention without giving me the one hundred thousand Thalers payment that I have asked for my
invention and have so patiently been waiting for.” Orffyreus replied.
“Orffyreus, your explanation is too difficult to understand. May be, you speak in your personal language because you are not prepared to speak
us your mechanism in a direct manner. We shall be more pleased with your explanation such that it could be grasped even by
children.” Said Gravesande with a hope that Orffyreus may be prompted to
a simpler explanation.
Highness, Count Karl who has a perfect understanding of mathematics, assured me that the machine is so simple that a carpenter's
boy could understand and make it after having seen the inside of this wheel.” Fischer supported Orffyreus.
professor and great men, I will have no problem in explaining my invention to children in my ‘Fortress of God’
as my invention is simple enough to be understood by them. For your satisfaction, I will try to explain you, as you desire
in a manner as if I am not addressing to the learned professors assembled in this graceful hall of castle at the invitation
of his majesty Count Karl, but to the little children in park who are curious to understand my invention. Here I do it for
you sir.” Orffyreus told.
‘The levers loaded with heavy weights as viewed from the side, may be compared
to side views of many children playing with very heavy clubs among tall broken columns.
The strongest of the children cannot lift the lightest of the clubs. Still,
each child can swing (or you might call it "step" as it uses a club as a "leg") from the top of one broken column to the top
of the next broken column by positioning his heavy club on the ground between the two close columns and holding on to the
handle end to swing over to the top of the next column. Then he rotates the handle end of his club to maneuver it between
his current column and his next intended column so that he can again "step" or swing a small angle over to the top of the
next intended broken column. If the clubs are even heavier by being double-ended,
then instead of rolling them to the next position, they may be alternatively transported between the columns by switching
ends. A double club may be moved in seesaw fashion by leaning it against the
current broken column that the child is on and rolling it over the top of the column (assuming that there is enough room for
the child to stay on top of the column). The double club is pivoted with a circular
motion with one end going up while the other end goes down.5’ Orffyreus put his simple explanation
that even child would grasp.
What material, parts of your
machine made of?’ Fisher asked.
thing belongs to either the animal or vegetable or matter kingdom. My pendulum
invention is exclusively made of matter as you can plainly see by examining the physical parts which I have described before
you in my little book. Animals and plants are made of matter but they have something
extra (spirit that is passed down to them). In the analogies that I make in my little book, there are living as well as material comparisons that can be made to
parts of it. It almost has a life of its own, as fine things working within it are important to it working.
‘People are not things and so do not fall within the three kingdoms of things but I even give my invention
some human-like partial analogies in this little book. You should be able to
see how impressed I am with my invention and you should be impressed with it as well.
I think this is Godly zeal instead of pride as the something-extra that it has comes not to us from the carnal me but
to us from God. I would never have constructed my invention without the explicit
help from God. Above and below I allude to some symbolic comparisons that are
in regard to even higher kingdoms than that of mortal man.’ Orffyreus again gave a long explanation.6’
physical evidence for my invention is placed before you sir as I have also stated it in my book Truimpant Orffreum.’
‘How many wheels you have designed so far?’ Count Karl asked.
is fifth one, sir.’ Orffyreus replied.
‘ What about those four?’
Count Karl asked.
which I had designed first, is still moving in my village and its movement is being used to draw water and irrigate the fields.
Other wheels, I have dismantled them all because it has been a problem for me
to keep people away from the wheels and take risk of letting them to know the secret.’
‘Excellency, instead indulging in discussion further, it is
better if we could complete rest of the examinations.’ Gravesande suggested.
else we need to examine? We have checked all inlets and outlets in the room. Other members have grounded their ears on the floor to hear the noise. We have seen
wheel raising weights and water with Archimedean screw. Orffyreus demonstrations
are impressive and prove the ability of the wheel to move forever without a fraud. Do
you still have some doubts?’ Count Karl questioned.
took out a magnetic needle from his pocket and flashed it in front of the committee members.
me try to ascertain if wheel is driven by permanent magnets.’ Gravesande
expressed his intention.
sir, I have already told you that my wheel is driven by gravity though I admit that permanent magnet too is inexhaustible
source of power and capable of creating a perpetual motion if supported by a right design.’ Orffyreus tried to explain.
‘But how can a magnet create a continuous motion?
It is against the principle again.’ Gravesande remarked.
I equally doubt it.’ Count Karl added.
a magnet attracts a piece of iron with its power, the movement is analogues to a piston that is moved by force of steam. But in later there are valves that directs steam to push piston in a reverse direction
also- hence cause continuous motion backward and forward but how is it possible with a magnet which can only give rise to
one type of force – attraction only?’ Count Karl enquired.
if one uses some technique to cut off or intercept attraction or repulsion of a permanent magnet, such technique too would
involve in all cases just that gain or loss of vis viva which is demanded by principle.
Moreover, it is impossible to intercept a gravity or magnetic force to create a perpetual motion.’ Gravesande maintained.
your kind information, sir, I would say that Peter Peregneius was able to invent a perpetual motion machine, which used power
of magnets. By using magnets, I can also design a machine, which would go forever. However, I have a practical difficulty
in getting powerful magnets therefore, I have not tried it. Moreover, I do not
need to do so as I have already designed gravity perpetual motion machine with great power and
far superior to a magnetic perpetual motion machine.’ Orffyreus
Gravesande took magnetic needle in his hand and approached the wheel
to examine it.
‘Oh! he still thinks me to be a charlatan like the rest.’ Orffyreus mumbled and expressed his disappointment.
him examine and satisfy himself that there are no magnets in your wheel. He is
a stubborn examiner.’ Count Karl said.
moved around the wheel like a peahen who in her delight and excitement moves around a peacock. He noticed no deflection in
magnetic needle. After sometime, he hid himself behind the wheel for sometime.
In the mind of Orffyreus, it raised the suspicion that professor was intentionally tampering his wheel to steal the secret.
Chandra Mohan Pradhan mentions that with some sharp tool that Gravesande had
brought with himself, professor artfully created a hole in the canvass and dropped some sniff in to the wheel with hope that
if some man was inside he would come out sneezing. But nothing happened. Unmindful
of what Gravesande was doing behind the machine Orffyreus was busy with his demonstration but when he found Gravesande for
a longer time standing there behind the wheel, he could not stop himself and rushed near the spot where Gravesande was standing. Orffyreus rushed straight up to Gravesande as if he would collide. Orffyreus got furious
when he detected Gravesande peeping through the hole to watch the internal machinery of the machine.
put his hand inside his pocket; it scarred Count Karl and other members who thought as if with some fixed intention of stabbing
with his pocketknife, Orffyreus was going to kill the professor. Nevertheless,
what Orffyreus pulled from his pocket was not a knife, but a full scape document, which he thrust under the indignant nose
me sir if you find my words wrong. There are no magnets in my machine. But I would not allow you to tamper with my machine.
It is strange and an open insult to me as you still do not believe me and do not entertain my views.’ Orffyreus cried irrefutably.
will not allow anyone to look into the machine until my contract is fulfilled. I shall request you to protect my right as
an inventor and not to insult me. Orffyreus spoke in high pitch.
‘I am not looking into
your machine; I am only trying to listen noise so that I can ascertain how many weights tumbling there in your machine.’ Gravesande made a lie and giggled.
‘I am sorry you took
in that way.’ Gravesande further tried to clarify his mistake.
know you will be sorry for that when you find the truth.’ Orffyreus said.
for that I have a straw pipe here. It would enable you to hear better the tumbling noise, you can put its one end on the support
near the axle and other to your ear.’ Orffyreus suggested after putting
some control over his anger..
took the straw pipe and tried to listen the sound but could not make out any thing except weights rattling and hitting against
some thing. All other members also did the same what Gravesande had done. One by one, they took the pipe and tried to listen the sound. Every member thought himself to be a great detective as if they were there to uncover a murder story!
‘Would you care to explain your invention?’
Gravesande inquired weakly, fearing that in asking him to reveal his secret he was asking for the moon.
secret is excellent in the beginning, excellent in the middle and excellent in the end!!’ exclaimed Orffyreus.
‘Mind, you are talking in parables but could you give some scientific description to enlighten me and
rest of academic world? Graesande demanded.
shrugged his broad and strong shoulders and said:
I have already explained you that my machine is just simple, nothing more than a replica of our world system. I have been
offered large sums of money to give away my secret, but I do not intend to do so yet. I keep it as secret as you would keep
a box of diamonds. Does a king keep his jewels on the highway for public display?’
‘No, he hides them in the treasure chambers in the vaults of
his palace.’ Orffyreus himself replied.
agree with you, your secret is great indeed!’ Count Karl accepted.
his Excellency, Karl has told me that you are demanding 100000 Thalers for the invention. A huge amount!’ Gravesande
flashed his teeth in a strange smile.
one is genuinely sincere one has nothing to be ashamed of.’ Orffyreus replied.
members wanted to stop the wheel. Orffyreus warned that power of wheel was such that it would throw a man if a single man
tried to stop it. Therefore many joined to stop the wheel. When motion of the wheel ceased, calm fell on the faces of members.
Gravesande broke the silence. He asked:
‘So last time I ask you again, Can you explain the broad basis of your feats,
the theoretical side alone, without explaining your secrets?’
Orffyreus mused over his query for a while.
I am willing to do that for you.’ he answered softly.
For your satisfaction, let me read from by book:
inward structure of the wheel is of a nature according to the laws of perpetual motion, so arranged that certain disposed
weights, once in rotation, gain force from the structure, which does not lose its position and arrangement. Unlike other automata,
such as clocks, springs or other hanging weights which require winding up or whose duration depends on the chain which attaches
to them, on the contrary these weights are the essential parts and constitute perpetual motion itself; as from them is received
the universal movement which they must exercise so long as they remain out of the centre of gravity; and when they come to
be placed together, they are so arranged that they can never obtain equilibrium, or the ‘punctum quietus’ which
they unceasingly seek in their wondrous speedy flight, and one or another of them must apply its weight vertically to the
axis, which in its turn will also move.7”
‘Now, sir, I regret to say that I cannot give you any further explanation of my methods.’ Orffyreus told.
beat us with your description. I must admit that your sincerity is unquestionable and your determination and sacrifice for
the sake of discovering the secret have been great.’ Count Karl praised.
‘Before we could finally decide to recommend Orffyreus for the reward, it would
be better to consult sir Isaac Newton for his expert opinion in this matter. Mr.
Orffyreus, yet I need to ascertain how long your wheel can move. We may leave
the machine in the room for few days under lock and can return on a later date to see if wheel stops.’ Gravesande proposed.
long as stars and planets move and material of the machine lasts, my machine will move forever, there is no doubt about it.’ Orffyreus said confidently.
‘I do not think any necessity of delaying the matter further
because I am convinced that invention of the Orffyreus is genuine.’ Count
Karl expressed his opinion; it pleased Orffyreus.
‘But, I think 100000 thalers is a huge amount and I should take every care before
I write my reports to Royal Society recommending them to buy the invention.’ Gravesande told.
is better if we unanimously take some decision for writing our final reports.’
Gravesande said and looked in the face of Count Karl for his opinion.
me tell you that about two years ago, wheel was already kept in a sealed room for more than a period of six weeks. Distinguished
persons whom I had invited, came here and examined the machine for two days. All of them were convinced that Orffyreus machine
is genuine.’ Karl replied
When Orffyreus found Gravesande wondering about the sum he had demanded, he clarified:
is not out of greed. I want to just fulfill my scientific ambitions by raising a school for the scholars and a laboratory
for me. I need money for that.’ Orffyreus got worried what was going to
happen next. He collected his confidence.
do you approve my perpetual motion then?’ Orffyreus asked biting his nails.
‘It is not for me to approve or disapprove perpetual motion. Personally, I accept your machine as a genuine case of perpetual motion. Yet some
authority must be consulted.’ Gravesande spoke like a diplomat.
know very well what they would say about my invention.’ Orffyreus said
‘Do not have any doubts, we shall treat your invention with due respect.’ Count Karl assured.
‘Sir you know,
so far all champions of natural philosophy have ridiculed this kingly mechanical art, the perpetual motion. I have no hope that Newton, an expert in gravitation, will attend to my invention with a favorable response.
My respect for the Newton stops me to criticize him but I am sure he would not favorably respond because I know, I am sure,
my machine poses a big threat to his laws of motion. Moreover, like the rest
of authorities he would try to reject it, no matter how good you describe my invention. Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo and Huygenes
have already rejected possibility of such a machine. My machine is in front of you; I have demonstrated many experiments to
you also. When you are sure of the truth, as you all have witnessed, I see no reason why still you need to depend on the authorities for their expert advice? In the field, where nothing is known, tell me sir, who
can be an expert except the inventor himself.’ Orffyreus expressed his
viewpoint. It rendered all the members dumb..
are right Orffyreus; da Vinci himself had said that experiment is true mistress. Science knows no authority except that of
experiment and Mr Orffyreus, with your wonderful experiments you are indeed an experimental scientist par excellence.’ Count Karl appreciated.
spoke to members: ‘Here I would also like to remind you essential message of Francis Bacon who said-Men had been depending
for too long on the authority of the great minds of past and that they should rely more on their own resources in obtaining
knowledge. Let me give an example to prove my point here. When Aristotle established, objects would fall with speeds, which were proportional to their weights-
that a 10 pound ball
for example would fall ten times as fast as a one pound ball. Only after some
nineteen hundred years, we know how idea was dismissed by Galileo who carried a simple experiment by dropping objects of different
weights from the top of leaning tower of Pisa. It is not understandable why they
deny all the experiences and observations in the world, and would even refuse to look at them in order not to have admit them,
and they would say that the laws remains just as authorities have written, not as nature would have it. So now sir, tell me what you think Newton himself would do. I do beg you not to depend on Newton, he may
have no opinion on the subject as he has never attempted to construct a machine, and if he has, he would not probably be attended
to the enquiry as he may be or may pretend to be busy with other works more important than this one. I am quite content with whatever you all think and in what manner you evaluate my machine in the light
of the contract.’ Orffyreus continued to express his fears..
I have one question, I have been waiting to ask you, hoping that perhaps you would volunteer a proper answer.’ Count
may ask any thing sir.’ Orffyreus replied.
have you come to make such a significant discovery?’
‘May be it is through some chance factor that has helped him to solve the big riddle of perpetual motion.
I think’ Gravesande interrupted.
professor, it would be wrong to minimize marvelous achievement of Orffyreus by attributing it to just a chance factor. I am
sure Orffyreus is undoubtedly a great discoverer, he is invariably a seeker after knowledge and truth in a chosen field of
his own and inspired in his labors by the hope of something finding new.’ Count
will you please tell us; why did not you choose to write your work in a scientific manner?
Parables has no place in world of learning, they belong to religion! asked
the evil of greed has made this little book parable necessary. The greedy bodiless
beings of the deep-dark bottomless pit have rarely ceased such activity as gnashing their teeth upon me, spitting upon me,
and striving to supplant me by them since I demonstrated to the world that I could provide "perpetual motion". But God has helped me. Yet, what have I done to my mortal
enemies to be so harshly treated? Yea, what was my trespass?”8 Orffyreus answered.
I make a suggestion to you, Orffyreus?’ Count Karl told.
sir, Orffyreus replied. ‘I will be pretty well obliged to you for that.’
‘Your discovery obviously reflects a new idea and has a high practical value. Nevertheless, dear, Orffyreus, if you wish to establish yourself as scientist you must understand that
an unexplained observation is of no particular significance to science. An idea
or observation without a theoretical framework behind it is equally devoid of importance.
Hence, if you wish that your discovery possess a real significance in scientific world, which it really deserve you
must have both experimental as well as theoretical basis.’ Count Karl suggested.
for your kind suggestion, sir.’ Orffyreus expressed his gratitude.
“May I know, what is your further ambition and plan after getting
your money” asked Count Karl.
“I don’t for a royal realm aspire,
For release or for paradise,
To serve those bent with grief I desire,
And calm their sorrow and help them rise.
Let me remind you sir, King James Bible also reads the same, “Whether therefore ye eat,
or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.” This is also
my declaration of faith. My
mission in life is that of helping to inspire the people with a new philosophy of life based upon my invention. Natural philosophy
must be simple; easily understood by every one. My invention and principle on which it operates is quite simple. My machine
not only helps the poor to do his daily tasks like grinding corn, raising water, or driving a mill or some other machinery
but also stimulates one to think about what is the real design and nature of universe which itself is like replica of my machine;
it is in state of perpetual motion.”
you could precisely tell me what are the basic laws on which your wondrous invention works, tell us if there is at all any
law you can describe?’ Gravesande asked.
innermost invention though good, the parts being good are perfectly obedient to God in their own realms as God is perfectly
obedient to his own laws. From the smallest snowflake to the largest planet, from the greatest circling herd to the least
round "wheel," from the most glorious peacock tail to the most playful pup, from the oldest column to the newest chain, from
the slowest crab to the fastest wind, and from the sharpest anvil blow to the quietest of questions, "... all things denote
there is perpetual motion. This is universal law of God. My pendulum is included
in all things.”9
“My pendulum operates on perpetual motion law, a basic and great law of nature. It’s understanding
drives one slowly towards knowledge of other laws of nature. One can better understand force, motion and universe if one has
learnt design of my pendulum and its mechanism.”
am stressing the thought because it should run like a golden chord, as a binding force through out the natural philosophy.
Law of perpetual motion, which causes planets to move, and whole universe is if related to human beings to one another or
entire world of living beings and non living things, one would know that it is the law that governs everything in the universe.’
greatest prayer is that you catch the vision as I see it and in due time, that you may inspire your scholars and others with
same vision. I demand 100000 Thalers to raise my school 'The Fortress of God' that will teach all the useful crafts and natural
philosophy to people of all nationalities. I pray God for the success of mission.” Orffyreus spoke with heavy voice.
1 See Collin’s
Book: Perpetual Motion : An Ancient Mystery Solved ? Page 142.
3 See p. 205
of Collins’ book.
4 See page. 194
5 See the article “Some Thoughts on a Simple Explanation of Bessler’s Wheel: Bessler’s Wheel Uncovered with an Interpretation of Bessler’s Little book - A Delayed Gift to the World.”By
Elden E. Park
6 Elden E. Park’s
article7 Truimphant Orffyreum….
8 Elden E. Park’s
article 9 Elden E. Park’s