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YOUNG ORFFYREUS
HIS INSPIRING DREAM
HIS MAJOR WHEELS
THE WHEEL AT GERA ( 1712 )
THE WHEEL AT DRASCHWITZ (1714 )
WANDERING ORFFYREUS AND HIS ENEMIES
THE WHEEL AT MERSEBERG 1715 .
THE EXAMINATION AT MERSEBURGH
ORFFYREUS DESTROYS MESEBURGH WHEEL
COUNT KARL, LEIBNIZ AND ORFFYREUS
WHEEL AT THE WEISSENSTEIN ( 1717 )
KARL WATCHES THE SECRET
EXAMINATION OF WEISSENSTEIN WHEEL ( 1717 )
EYE WITNESSES OF WEISSENSTEIN WHEEL
DIALOGUES AT THE CASTLE OF WEISSENSTEIN
ORFFYREUS DESTROYES THE WHEEL
CONTRACT WITH CZAR : SILVER LINING
CONSPIRACY BY GARTNER AND MAID
1730 : COUNT KARL DIES
DEATH OF ORFFYREUS 1745
PERSONALITY OF ORFFYREUS
DRAWINGS OF ORFFYREUS WHEELS
ORFFYREUS' APOLOGIA POETICA
DAS TRIUMPHIRENDE PERPETUUM MOBILE ORFFYREANUM
MASCHINEN TRACTATE (TREATISE ON MACHINES)
QUALITY OF EVIDENCE : CONCLUSION
ORFFYREUS' TIMES
Collection of Clues about Bessler Wheel
FALSE SPECULATIONS AND WEIRD EXPLANATIONS
WHERE DOES ENERGY COME FROM ?
A TRIBUTE TO ORFFYREUS
FAVORITE LINKS TO PERPETUAL MOTION
BOOKS ON PERPETUAL MOTION
ARTICLES ON PERPETUAL MOTION
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
MY RESUME
ORFFYREUS/ BESSLER DISCUSSION FORUM
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NEW..... Einsteins. Theory of Relativity, Perpetual Motion and Vedanta Critical Study of Albert Einsteins Theory of Relativity, Is it a Religion? His Priest Craft and High Priesthood of Physics that has Kept Cult of Relativist Hypnotized, and the Progress of Physics Stalled for A Century! In the light of Vedic Perpetual Motion, and Invention of Perpetual Motion by Councilor Orffyreus (1681-1745)

Orffyreus (Bessler) and His Perpetual Motion Wheels

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Forthcoming Titles on Perpetual Motion
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Welcome!


"But such is the infelicity and imhappy disposition of the human mind in the course of invention that it first distrusts and then despises itself: first will not believe that any such thing can be found out; and when it is found out, cannot understand how the world should have missed it so long."

—Francis Bacon " Novum Organum," Chap. CX.

"TEMPORE PATET OCCULTA VERITAS"
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IN TIME THE HIDDEN TRUTH SHALL BE REVEALED."

 

Orffyreus : Forgotten Inventor of Perpetual Motion 

Today those who know Orffyreus and understand his invention; and philosophy are very few, and on this account, his honor is still greater. Truly the treatment which Orffyreus has received confirms the truth of the following aphorism.

The Inventor of
Perpetual Motion

ORFFYREUS ( 1681- 1745 )
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Bessler claimed he had succeeded in making "a dead material not only move itself, but lift weights and perform work even the most profound mathematicians and the most learned people have continually fallen into error.".

Certainly, his journey of perpetual motion had been difficult, even torturous.  World saw him as an embittered wanderer who died along with his secret of perpetual motion machine.

 

Towards end of his life Orffyreus  wrote:

 

I lack strength and will, through hunger, grief, frost and chill, since for a long time..…. Indeed, I have often had only dry bread to eat and water to drink. However, at last, thank God, I have had the good luck to finish preparing the model of perpetual motion which was commissioned from England.

                       

Let us now praise famous men,

and our fathers that beget us.

The Lord hath wrought great glory by them through his great power from the beginning.

Such as did bear rule in their kingdoms,

men renowned for their power,

giving counsel by their understanding,

and declaring prophecies:

 

Leaders of the people by their counsels,

and by their knowledge of learning

meet for the people, wise and eloquent

are their instructions:

Such as found out musical tunes,

and recited verses in writing:

Rich men furnished with ability,

living peaceably in their habitations:

All these were honoured in their generations, and were the glory of their times.

There be of them, that have left a name

behind them, that their praises might be reported.

And some there be, which have no memorial;who are perished, as though they had never been; and are become as though they had never been born; and their children after them.

But these were merciful men,

whose righteousness hath not been forgotten.

With their seed shall continually remain

a good inheritance, and their children are

within the covenant.

Their seed standeth fast,

and their children for their sakes.

 

T

heir seed shall remain for ever,

and their glory shall not be blotted out.

Their bodies are buried in peace;

but their name liveth for evermore.

The people will tell of their wisdom,

and the congregation will shew forth their praise.

 

The text quoted above is the famous "Let us now praise famous men" passage from Ecclesiasticus 44:1-15. It  reminds me Orffyreus ( 1681*- 1745 ), the inventor of perpetual motion machine. His original name was Johann Ernst Elias Bessler but later he adopted his name as Orffyreus.   Unfortunately, he is almost forgotten today. We often honor famous people but many inventors like him, unsung and anonymous were   in no way less great than those whom we remember a lot and often raise memorials in their praise. We do not have to study the history of technology very long to be haunted by countless inventors like Orffyreus who are forgotten with no memorial. For example, we do not know the inventors of wheel, windmill, water wheel, and wheelbarrow.  Undeniably, Orffyreus nevertheless do live forever in our memory and heart like many other anonymous inventors.

 

Today those who know Orffyreus and understand his invention; and philosophy are very few, and on this account, his honor is still greater.   Like Orffyreus many other inventors of the overbalancing wheel have had the same doom, they have gone into oblivion and we need to do a lot to bring back the glory they deserve. If Orffyreus is anonymous or forbidden today, he wasn't so around  1711 or later when he was at the zenit of his inventive career. Orffyreus could have been knighted. He could have been buried in Royal Graveyard. His destiny chose none of that. But he'd set the foundations of perpetual motion. He'd fathered the perpetual motion.  Germany must be proud of the fact that he was native of it. This 17 - 18thcentury’s German inventor of perpetual motion machine, Orffyreus (1681- 1745) holds an eerie fascination to me. So today, I will tell you true story of this German inventor who sold his soul for perpetual motion.  In an odd way, his whole life revolved around perpetual motion.  Orffyreus was the one of the rare and best inventor of perpetual motion the world has ever had. His work on perpetual motion machine is unparalleled by any one either before or since.

                 Orffyreus was a man of wide-ranging abilities and interests and, at one stage in his career; he earned his living as physician.  He was also considered as a great mechanical engineer. He worked for Count Karl, Landgrave of Hesse Cassel   as councilor and general engineer.

 

The word perpetual motion and Councilor Orffyreus are inseparable. He was an eager student of the 'Hidden Mysteries of Nature and Science.'  Guided by his intuitive feeling for perpetual motion, habit of using his intelligence to the utmost, a deepened common sense, reliance first and then on the observation and experiments, this remarkable man conceived, invented, and demonstrated a number of perpetual motion machines   to renowned man of science at many towns in Germany.  His last and the largest machine was demonstrated   at the castle of the Weissenstein in 1717.  Board of examiners was convinced that his machine was a true form of perpetual motion. Unfortunately for many reasons, his claim as an inventor of perpetual motion machine   has been put aside and thrown to the dust bins of history along with all other hoaxes frauds, mysteries and fakers whose lives occupy the achieves of many a dusty shelf in the museums through out the world.  History has wrongly convicted a genuine inventor and an innocent man.  All of the evidence about his machine faithfully recorded in his time support the conclusion that Orffyreus was a genuine inventor who solved the riddle of the perpetual motion machine about 300 years ago, but his personal character has intensified the doubts, his contemporaries did not realize the full importance and value of the invention. “Orffyreus’ work on his perpetual motion machine could have considerably extended our horizons in physics - and in technology too. But at this particular crossroads, mankind took a wrong turn..” says  George Egely, the author of the  book “Forbidden Invention”

 

Perpetual motion is like a beautiful woman.  No matter cautious and careful she may remain most of the time, she is likely to get into the trouble at any time for no fault of her own but  only because she was born beautiful by Nature. Wicked and malicious man would try to possess her using all illegal means.  Similarly, perpetual motion is type of invention which itself is source of trouble for its inventor, as it would cause envy, antagonism, and hostility among the people.  Perpetual motion machine is likely to mushroom hundreds of opponents who would like to possess secret of its working mechanism by hook or crook.  We know any time a big fish can eat little one and destroy all her dreams- this is law of nature.  Orffyreus’ story illustrates the same point.

His genius was one of the manifestations of the age's vigour and drew nourishment from its extraordinary fertility. Orffyreus was a God sent member of that group of architects who had a dream of constructing the framework of our material civilization setting the stage for the drama of modern life based on free energy and power from nothing.

 

Orffyreus came at the scene to set a revolution in mechanics about the same time when 75 years old Newton had established himself as a big authority in mechanics.  It is intriguing to see that Newton’s laws of motion stand contrary to perpetual motion.  It was the time when various concepts of mechanics were still in process of development.  Today we have well defined concepts of energy, momentum, work and power, but these terms and concepts either didn’t come into existence or were poorly defined at the time when Orffyreus built and demonstrated his wheels. There was no uniform agreement among the scientist over these concepts and with different notions; they used different terms like impetus, vis viva etc to define quantitative aspects of motion. In Orffyreus times, steam engine was also in process of improvements. He was a pole apart from the view which eminent scientist held in his time, both in his conception of perpetual motion and in his conception of the means to achieve it.  Scientist in Orffyreus’ time had an opportunity to learn perpetual motion from   him but he never disclosed the secret to anyone without getting his reward. With development of steam engine, though science claimed to take shape as the companion of technology, without perpetual motion it was always lame. Later, by rejecting perpetual motion and promoting laws of thermodynamics, science fell into a grave error!

 

No man in the history took a more prominent part in the discovery of perpetual motion machine than did great Orffyreus. One cannot help feeling that man like him is born once in many centuries.  Indeed, they come to fulfill a specific mission.

 

To Orffyreus making new designs of the machines was not just a hobby, but also a passion.  He was an extraordinary person, in fact, a genius who worked hard and devoted his whole life to the noble cause of perpetual motion, just for the love of it and love for understanding the Nature and its great secrets.  His work makes it clear that his genius was no pretense. He produced a whole set of directional and non-directional perpetual motion wheels. He built several "perpetual motion machine" that ran on gravity. His musical inventions included an organ.

 

Orffyreus called himself a physician and sometimes a mechanic. He went on building and building but his mind was taking him where no inventor had gone before. He was drawn to the new source of power- gravity. He tried hard to obtain perpetual motion. Only after many many false starts and ineffectual attempts, he succeeded in his difficult venture. Bessler claimed he had succeeded in making "a dead material not only move itself, but lift weights and perform work even the most profound mathematicians and the most learned people have continually fallen into error". He built several wheels and demonstrated them at several places in Germany. In his life time everywhere examiners wanted to see his theory of perpetual motion machine. They wanted it brought down to the hard earth. But Orffyreus was wise enough not to sell the great secret just for nothing. Orffyreus engine violated all the conventions of the great contemporary engineers.

 

He had a mind larger than life and brain greater than scientist. And the deep joy he gained from perpetual motion was unparalleled. His overbalancing wheel represents a last breath of the soaring medieval imagination. The German scientist and philosopher Leibniz became his friend. ("Qrffyreus est the mes amis"(Wedge, S.16).  He had touched Leibniz’s heart and head. To save his talents, he brought him to Count Karl, Landgrave of Hesse cassel. He was esteemed and rewarded by Karl, Landgrave of Hesse Caseel., but contemporary scientist were  too preoccupied with theoretical  questions on perpetual motion to make much use of his profound work on perpetual motion during his lifetime. Een Leibniz himself couldn’t believe that perpetual motion is possible. Orffyreus lived a turbulent life at many places in Germany, deeply admired by a few able scientists like Leibniz but also making no immediate impress on Isaac Newton commensurate with his genius. Orffyreus had a tragic career.  His ambitions could not be realized.  His enemy ridiculed him and considered him as a fraud. He seems to have been unaffected by this. He was aware of the significance of what he had done and was content to let posterity appraise him.

 

Orffyreus was the first man who realized friction is not the first and any serious problem a perpetual motion machine designer has to face. He was the first to demonstrate that even in presence of the friction perpetual motion machine can do all useful work like raising weights and water from deep mines, bellowing furnaces, grinding grains and doing all milling without feeding on any type of force.  He proved that a concoction of motions of gears, weights, and linkages could be cleverly arranged to constitute perpetual motion.  He did not forget to emphasize the fact that the entire mechanism that rotates is indeed very simple.  By analysis of machine motions, he created a mechanics, which aimed at free power without regard to the expenditure of forces that drive them.

After he invented his perpetual motion machine, Orffyreus spent major part of his life in brooding over his bargain and financial troubles. When he was 31 he dreamed to petition to gain the exclusive rights to a gravity-powered wagon. He and his plans based on perpetual motion mirrored the imagination of the Industrial Revolution but everything failed. His enemies called him insane for his achievements, they alleged him perpetually so Orffyreus set about to vindicate himself by building larger versions of perpetual motion machines.  As his personality emerges from the shadows, it reveals qualities we have not seen before in the best inventive minds. Orffyreus was a touchy person.  In  1715 while he was struggling to establish his invention with a suitable reward, he said: “Never did I hear a word of praise, though I was criticized from all directions. But I never changed, never once wavered, because a single word could have betrayed my wondrous achievement.” He'd genuinely loved the people around him and expected a reward from them, but instead he was deserted for no fault of him, people were indeed very ungrateful to him for what   he had given to the world. “ I have often had only dry bread to eat and water to drink.” complained Orffyreus in the last days of his life.  His fellowman saw him dieing in chill, they saw him hungry and crying for bread but no one came to help. He died with his secret and shattered dreams. Beyond that -- what more could anyone suffer!


History Convicts a Great Inventor

 

The treatment handed out to Orffyreus by the historians is one of the worst examples of prejudice. It is not fair; and often marked by injustice, partiality, or deception. It is deplorable that much ‘nonsense’ still exist about the evaluation of Orffyreus’ rare work. There is no end to the misinterpretations and misapplications of working of Orffyreus wheel and the man himself. Take for examples his 141 drawings.  Those who consider him as a charlatan are under wrong impression that he did this in order to render his invention somewhat flexible, so that it could be adapted or twisted to fit almost any real design of perpetual motion machine that would be designed in future. Later in this section, I will endeavor to illustrate that his series of 141 drawings depicts the whole story of his struggle to achieve perpetual motion.

 

 For another instance, W.J.G. Ord-Hume, author of the book: "Perpetual Motion,  The History of an Obsession", considers Orffyreus wonderful invention as nothing but trickery.  In his lifetime, Orffyreus confronted many enemies.  To discredit Orffyreus many historians falsely argue but their arguments only prove their selfish wickedness, foolishness, and ignorance on the subject.

 

After all, deep truths are often embarrassing and cruel as they may shatter current ideology; therefore to find a way to open a dialogue for reasonable discourse on Orffyreus and his perpetual motion is always difficult when one has no direct experience of perpetual motion. Remarks such as Orffyreus was an eccentric turn, that he developed a quarrelsome disposition and became bitter and melancholy may be true to some extent but hold no valid ground to undermine his discovery. With all his faults, I admire and respect him for his invention.  Scientists like Newton, Gravesande, Rulers, and other influential contemporaries of Orffyreus who had witnessed marvelous performance of his perpetual motion if had lent their full support to Orffyreus, humanity would have possessed perpetual motion machine and benefited from it right from 1717.  It is not difficult to imagine that further advances made after then would have prevented plundering the mother earth for sources of energy and thus saving the environment. Even after a lapse of more than 280 years, no man has been able to reinvent perpetual motion yet. It is strange that in spite of valuable evidence faithfully recorded by great men of science, entire work of Orffyreus has largely been disbelieved and remained undiscovered for more than 280 years.

Orffyreus own book " Triumphans Perpetuum Mobile Orffyreanum ............” gives us complete account of his work on perpetual motion. Henry Dirks work " Perpetual mobile  " has served as an important source. 

 

 Collin’s researches on Orffyreus, published in the form of his book entitled “Perpetual Motion: An Ancient Mystery Solved?” (1997) have largely acquainted people with Orffyreus work and helped them to see the truth. Collin’s work is most authentic and eye opener to disbelievers. He has explored the archives thoroughly and devoted more than 10 years of hard work for researching Orffyreus case. A large audience received Collin’s book with great enthusiasm. Since then, many have speculated to reconstruct Orffyreus machine but all in vein. So far, no one succeeded to build Orffyreus’ wonderful machinery again.

This website on Orffyreus and his perpetual motion attempts to bring out real issues that were not explained before. It is hoped that because of John Collins’ research efforts, the studies of Dr. Ramesh Menaria and other Orffyreus’ enthusiast, all trace of or hint of deception about Orffyreus’ wheel will be removed.

All things considered, Orffyreus was a remarkably a great inventor but world has forgotten him. We may not all adopt his conclusions, but his manner of seeking the truth, his self-sacrifice in its pursuit, and his purity of life, are beacons which all can see, and which convey a definite lesson to every one who will open his eyes to see his life and work. 

         

                Imagination and discovery, stimulated by intuition and creativity, confirmed by reason, demonstration of experiment, and experience amidst controversy and competition – these are the ingredients of Orffyrus’ perpetual motion journey.  Orffyreus shows us how his inspiring dream makes him genius in his attempts to build perpetual motion wheels. There is so much beauty and mystery in Orffyreus’ life and his works that it inspired C. Zumben, upper mining inspector in Hessen to write a praise poem on Orffyreus.

 

Records of the teachings of Orffyreus have survived which give clues to some of the simpler parts of his mechanical philosophy. The major secrets were never committed to writing. He never wanted to divulge his secrets to the profane, the result being that when death sealed his lips the arcane died with him. Concerning the secret significance of codes there has been much speculation. Though many interesting points have been made, it may be safely said that with the death of Orffyreus the great key to perpetual motion was lost. For nearly 280 years scholars of all nations have attempted to unravel the Orffyrean skein, but apparently none has been successful.

 

There is still much uncertainty about facts of working mechanism of his perpetual motion; this view is shared by all true students of the subject. It proves conclusively that it is unwise to make definite statements founded on the indefinite and fragmentary information available concerning the Orffyrean system of mechanical arts. The material which follows represents an effort to collect a few salient points from the scattered records preserved by Orffyreus and others who have since contacted his philosophy. Any attempt at scientific moralizing of Orffyreus journey leads us to conclude that scientific knowledge is hardly absolute.  It is continually both created and discovered – a living dyad which for creation relies on epiphany, accident, and inspiration; whereas for discovery it relies on ingenuity”, trial and error, and precision. 

 

Orffyreus’ story once again raises the question: How “contingent” is our technological history? “Historical contingency” simply means that  if certain things did not happen or that something else could have happened, then, history of technology would have been different. What scientists have today is in part a consequence of what they had and what decisions they took in history. Consensus decision of scientist taken in past to glorify law of conservation of energy and  reject  and ridicule the art of perpetual motion have maligned the entire history of science and technology.

The story of Orffyreus reminds me words of Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) that were spoken at the end of his dream for Wardenclyffe.

“Humanity is not yet sufficiently advanced to be willingly led by the discoverer's keen searching sense. But who knows? Perhaps it is better in this present world of ours that a revolutionary idea or invention instead of being helped and patted, be hampered and ill-treated in its adolescence - by want of means, by selfish interest, pedantry, stupidity and ignorance; that it be attacked and stifled; that it pass through bitter trials and tribulations, through the strife of commercial existence. So do we get our light. So all that was great in the past was ridiculed, condemned, combatted, suppressed - only to emerge all the more powerfully, all the more triumphantly from the struggle."

 

We can also marvel at the vision shown by Tesla, in his philosophical paper titled as “The Problem of Increasing Human Energy” that got published in “The Century” journal at year 1900. While conceiving the possibility of a gravity driven perpetual motion machine, Tesla   wrote:

 

“It is possible, and even probable, that there will be, in time, other resources of energy opened up, of which we have no knowledge now. We may even find ways of applying forces such as magnetism or gravity for driving machinery without using any other means. Such realizations, though highly improbable, are not impossible. An example will best convey an idea of what we can hope to attain and what we can never attain. Imagine a disk of some homogeneous material turned perfectly true and arranged to turn in frictionless bearings on a horizontal shaft above the ground. This disk, being under the above conditions perfectly balanced, would rest in any position. Now, it is possible that we may learn how to make such a disk rotate continuously and perform work by the force of gravity without any further effort on our part; but it is perfectly impossible for the disk to turn and to do work without any force from the outside. If it could do so, it would be whatis designated scientifically as a "perpetuum mobile," a machine creating its own motive power. To make the disk rotate by the force of gravity we have only to invent a screen against this force. By such a screen we could prevent this force from acting on one half of the disk, and the rotation of the latter would follow. At least, we cannot deny such a possibility until we know exactly the nature of the force of gravity. Suppose that this force were due to a movement comparable to that of a stream of air passing from above toward the center of the earth. The effect of such a stream upon both halves of the disk would be equal, and the latter would not rotate ordinarily; but if one half should be guarded by a plate arresting the movement, then it would turn.”

 

 Reference: http://www.tfcbooks.com/tesla/1900-06-00.htm

Thanks to Publishing house “Slavija“ from Novi Sad, Serbia. It has published a bilingual book (Serbian & English) with illustrations and visionary paper “The Problem of Increasing Human Energy“at 1996, which is also the title of the book. The above quoted paragraph appears at the last paragraph in page 56, which ended in the first half of page 57 in the book.

 

 

A Final Note to this Home Page

 

We have deeper questions here. Why ‘Bessler’ eventually became ‘Orffyreus’? The secret of ‘Bessler’s perpetual motion, now lost in mist of time, needs to be understood from that of ‘Orffyreus’ perspective. Otherwise; it would not be possible to understand what the ‘Orffyreus’ is trying to communicate. Today, most of the researchers may know ‘Bessler’ well but to know “Orffyreus” would still be difficult for them without some spiritual inclination.  This is exactly where Deva Ramananda comes to our help. I also believe that he knew “Orffyreus’ better than us.  Deva Ramananda was the first person in history who applied Vedic principles to reconstruct Orffyreus’ perpetual motion wheel by beginning with the design of a “Swastika Wheel” and further detailing the mechanism by relying on designs of Rhisi “Dirghtamas’ Perpetual Motion Celestial wheels” which are also great source of astronomical information. It would remain a  mystery for  me to know how Deva Ramananda could talk so confidentally about ‘yoking of spheres and structural details of ‘cross bar,’ “chords and pulleys” found in “Dirghatamas Perpetual Motion Celestial wheels” descriptions of which also lead us to a crude design of heliocentric system of world (solar system). In fact, very rich in his spiritual powers, Deva Ramananda, I used to note,  was so low in mechanical aptitude that it put me to smile or laughter  whenever ink ran out his pen and he was looking here and there for help as he had difficulty even in putting a new ‘refill’ in his ball point pen! He damned little spring and ratchet which came out and his pen did not fit  again. Yet, he guided me to explore perpetual motion in Vedas laying equal emphasis on mechanical aspects of perpetual motion. I would say that Rg Veda, the oldest book of natural philosophy by mankind,  with its cosmological, astronomical, philosophical and sociological foundations on perpetual motion is a perfect treatise on perpetual motion. It leads to great understanding of natural forces like gravity, electromagnetism etc their functional attributes, operational mechanism, and interrelationship among them  hitherto unknown to scientific world. Moreover, Vedic thermodynamics with large number of hymns on Agni (Heat) stands in flagrant contradiction to classical thermodynamics.  Indian Sidhhanta astronomers Brihmgupta, Lallacharya (Circa 6th century) and later Bhaskaracharya (Circa 12th century) who rediscovered perpetual motion and proposed first designs of quick-silver driven perpetual motion machine had acknowledged Vedic influence in their astronomical revelations. Similarly King Raja Bhoja’s magnum opus   “Samarangan Sutradhara,” largely a treatise on architecture, which also includes descriptions and method of constructions of various machines and aero planes based on perpetual motion run by quick silver, follows a perfect Vedic tradition. King Raja Bhoja unequivocally declared that “Swayamvahaka sarvotutkristam”- meaning “perpetual motion is the best machine!”.

Deva Ramananda describes Bhaskaracharya’s  wheel in following words:

“Bhaskaracharya in his Siddhanta Shiromani describes a wheel having on its outer edge a number of holes of equal size and at equal distance from one another arranged on two radii in a zigzag manner, in other words there were two circular rows of holes around the wheel. Bhaskaracharya then suggests half filling them with quick silver and sealing them. It was claimed that if such a wheel with its   axle was supported on pair of props, the wheel would rotate by itself once set in motion. It is difficult to know whether he ever constructed and tested his device. Tradition was that even if he actually constructed it, it would remain   a secret forever.”

Referring to Arnold Pacey’s book, Wikipedia also states:

 

“Around 1150, the astronomer Bhaskara Achārya observed water-raising wheels and imagined such a wheel lifting enough water to replenish the stream driving it, effectively, a perpetual motion machine.”[i]

Wikipaedia also states:

 

“In many ways, Bhaskara represents the peak of mathematical and astronomical knowledge in the 12th century. He reached an understanding of calculus, astronomy, the number systems, and solving equations, which were not to be achieved anywhere else in the world for several centuries or more.”

 

There is little doubt that Bhaskaracharya’s work influenced later developments in the Middle East and Europe. In addition to fascinating mercury wheel, his other works also became known to Islamic scholars and later they were introduced to Europe by the end of the 12th century.[ii]

 

Inspired by Sidhhantika astronomers, and especially, Bhaskaracharya, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber,  experimented with a large number of perpetual motion machines. According to Strobl, Jai Singh is said to have spent 50000 guilders on his experiments with perpetual motion machines.

 

Swai Jai Singh (1688-1743) and Orffyreus (1681-1745) were contemporary perpetual motionists in two different countries. When Orffyreus demonstrated his over-balancing wheel at the castle of Weissenstein in 1717, Orffyreus became 37 year old and Jai Singh 29 years old.  We do not know whether Swai Jai Singh knew about Orffyreus’ perpetual motion. Swai  Jai Singh’s (1688-1743) treatise on astronomical instruments, Yantra-prakara, for all intents and purposes was completed before 1724. Jai Singh also received Imperial support for building his Astronomy Observatories at Delhi, Jaipur, Varanasi, Ujjain and Mathura.

 

Founded on 18 November 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, the Jaipur (Rajasthani: जैपर Hindi: जयपुर),  also popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. The author of this website is also living in Jaipur at present.  

 

 Perpetual motion is truly heritage of India. The video clip presented below shows the appreciation of Vedic science by  eminent western scholars, and its diffusion around the globe. In this clip you can watch astronomical instrument "Samrat Yantra" built by King Swai Jai Singh at Jaipur, and also a perpetual motion wheel inscription on an old coinage ( i.e. Vasudeva holding a perpetual motion wheel, 180–165 BCE, Coin of Greek ruler, Agathocles with Hindu deities: Vasudeva-Krishna and Balarama-Samkarshana).

 [i] Pacey, Arnold, Technology in World Civilization: A Thousand-year History, The MIT Press; Reprint edition (July 1, 1991). ISBN 0262660725. page 36

[ii] See transmission of Vedic science in the video clip presented below.

With such ancient background and Vedic holistic approach in mind, Deva Ramananda wanted my web site and books to be different from others on this subject. In addition to maintaining the factual information about the events in the life of Orffyreus and his wheels, Deva Ramananda also wanted my website to be highly “suggestive” containing in it some “spiritual element” and mysticism in harmony with Orffyreus’ mental attitude, his religious faith, his way of life and his invention.  He wanted “heart and soul of the readers of the websites to resonate with that of Orffyreus so that they land more easily into the secret of Orffyreus.” Being trained in mainstream science, when I had expressed my concern over not to incorporate any mysticism in the main story of Orffyreus, Deva Ramananda chided me justifying his point of view. Here, I still recollect his words.

 

He told me somewhat angrily: “Rascal, why you do not understand the esoteric laws of nature, the fact that getting knowledge through process of perception, conception, recognition and understanding of any secret thing involves a “spiritual dimension”? It is unfortunate that you still seem to be unaware of power of intuition based on faith. Here, when we have a challenge of knowing the secret of machine that was lost with death of Orffyreus some 250 years ago, your bad science and your training in it cannot be of much help in revealing the secret. Where is the way except surrendering to the great soul of Orffyreus? Did you forget story of Eklavya and Dronacharya, great master of archery? Make no mistake. Your science which rejects perpetual motion is certainly pseudoscience! Don’t consider anything to be fiction that I have spoken so far about Orffyreus as they contain most important clues about the invention known to me through my power of intuition and transcendental meditation. While making a reading of your website, I want heart and soul of your readers to resonate with that of Orffyreus so that they land more easily into the secret of Orffyreus.”

 

 I shall end this home page with a quote from Helena Petrovna Blavatsky.

 

“One thing is certain, when a man shall have discovered the perpetual motion, he will be able to understand by analogy all the secrets of nature; progress in direct ratio with resistance.”- Isis Unveiled, Volume 1, Page 502

 

Blavatsky’s above quote seems to be the reproduction of the original statement made by  French occult author and purported magician Eliphas Levi (1810-1875) in his book entitled: “Dogma et Rituel de la Haute Magie” Part I: The Doctrine of Transcendental Magic, translated by A. E. Waite

 

While describing “Tetragram”, on page 21, Elephas Levi states: “Imagine a watch having two parallel springs, with an engagement which makes them work in an opposite direction so that the one in unwinding winds up the other. In this way, the watch will wind up itself, and you will have discovered perpetual motion. The engagement should be at two ends and of extreme accuracy. Is this beyond attainment? We think not. But when it is discovered the inventor will understand by analogy all the secrets of Nature PROGRESS IN DIRECT PROPORTION TO RESISTANCE.

The absolute movement of life is thus the perpetual consequence of two contrary tendencies which are never opposed. When one seems to yield to the other, it is like a spring which is winding up, and you may expect a reaction, the moment and characteristics of which it is quite possible to foresee and determine.”

 

In his book "The Doctrine of Transcendental Magic" Eliphis Levi attributes symbol "Cheth" to find the Philosophical Stone", "Teth" to possess the universal medicine" and  "Yod" to know the laws of perpetual motion and prove the quadrature of the circle". "Kaph", "To change into gold, not only all metals, but also the Earth itself and even the refuse of the Earth".

 

Above quotes and excerpts taken from the author’s EEC series of books, Volume 4: The Journey of Man: From Understanding of Motion to Perpetual Motion, Basic Fundamentals of Perpetual Motion 

Monogram of Christ on the Labarum by Kabalist
tetragram.jpg
Arrangement of four letters of the Tetragram

POST SCRIPT

 

*Reference: Thanks to David Butler, a professional  violinist for providing correct information about the birth year of Orffyreus as 1681 and not 1680 that was erroneously mentioned by this website before. In his recent e mail David Butler wrote:

 

"Johann Bessler and his wheel is at this time only known, or of interest, to a few and I discovered him quite by chance. His correct birth year and date of baptism are no secret for they are quoted on the french, german and polish wikipedia sites about him. (Not the english site, which is odd!) Further, John Collins, who has researched Bessler in Germany and viewed Bessler's baptism register, states he was born in 1681 and baptized on May 6th. Please see Bessler star signs forum posted on Monday, June 13th, 2005 at 3.25pm. Strangely, Collins' biography just says 1680-1681. Perhaps he wrote the book after viewing the register!? 

 

You could be the first English Orffyreus site to show the correct year!"

 

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