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QUALITY OF EVIDENCE : CONCLUSION

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YOUNG ORFFYREUS
HIS INSPIRING DREAM
HIS MAJOR WHEELS
THE WHEEL AT GERA ( 1712 )
THE WHEEL AT DRASCHWITZ (1714 )
WANDERING ORFFYREUS AND HIS ENEMIES
THE WHEEL AT MERSEBERG 1715 .
THE EXAMINATION AT MERSEBURGH
ORFFYREUS DESTROYS MESEBURGH WHEEL
COUNT KARL, LEIBNIZ AND ORFFYREUS
WHEEL AT THE WEISSENSTEIN ( 1717 )
KARL WATCHES THE SECRET
EXAMINATION OF WEISSENSTEIN WHEEL ( 1717 )
EYE WITNESSES OF WEISSENSTEIN WHEEL
DIALOGUES AT THE CASTLE OF WEISSENSTEIN
ORFFYREUS DESTROYES THE WHEEL
CONTRACT WITH CZAR : SILVER LINING
CONSPIRACY BY GARTNER AND MAID
1730 : COUNT KARL DIES
DEATH OF ORFFYREUS 1745
PERSONALITY OF ORFFYREUS
DRAWINGS OF ORFFYREUS WHEELS
ORFFYREUS' APOLOGIA POETICA
DAS TRIUMPHIRENDE PERPETUUM MOBILE ORFFYREANUM
MASCHINEN TRACTATE (TREATISE ON MACHINES)
QUALITY OF EVIDENCE : CONCLUSION
ORFFYREUS' TIMES
Collection of Clues about Bessler Wheel
FALSE SPECULATIONS AND WEIRD EXPLANATIONS
WHERE DOES ENERGY COME FROM ?
A TRIBUTE TO ORFFYREUS
FAVORITE LINKS TO PERPETUAL MOTION
BOOKS ON PERPETUAL MOTION
ARTICLES ON PERPETUAL MOTION
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
MY RESUME
ORFFYREUS/ BESSLER DISCUSSION FORUM
CONTACT ME
Locations on Google Map

   General opinions of the main stream authors on the perpetual motion of the Orffyreus' wheel is downbeat in majority and their comments are depressing. Nevertheless, wheel was all there without any flaw and, much one likes to try to discount it, Orffyreus’  wheel was a marked exception without any doubt.

In  the past, many have claimed to invent the perpetual motion machine but as far as quality and amount of the documentation is concerned, Orffyreus case is simply the best. Without any shadow of doubt, we can confidently say that Orffyreus' machine was genuine. For me, it is hard to believe that his invention was a fraud; if I were to believe that Orffyreus machine was a fraud, I would not believe anymore in myself.

  In the beginning, I had to rely on the eyewitness accounts of the Gravesande and other examiners at best, as I had no access to the details of other works Orffyreus had produced. For example, Orffyreus wrote his Apologia Poetica and Machinen Tracte  in the form of some parables and drawings respectively with hope that someday someone would be able to decode them to find  the secret of the perpetual motion machine. In my pursuit, I have independently carried my own line of enquiry without having details of Orffyreus’ original works at hand work. In chapter IV of this book entitled " How it happened to me?” readers can find details of my invention.

 

          General opinions of the main stream authors on the perpetual motion of the Orffyreus' wheel is downbeat in majority and their comments are depressing. Nevertheless, wheel was all there without any flaw and, much one likes to try to discount it, Orffyreus’  wheel was a marked exception without any doubt. It was a genuine invention but most of authors attempt to undermine his invention.  Despite good work of John Collins on the life and works of Councilor Orffyreus, tradition of shoddy evaluation goes on. In face of such weighty facts, why do authors still reject his invention, is not understandable.

 

However, to some extent, it seems, Orffyreus himself was responsible for this plight. Orffyreus lacked art of inducing the cooperation of people. Under the burden of his invention, he lacked skills in social relationships. He inflated his ego even before achieving his goal. He offended those people who approached him with a desire to find out working of his invention, but how could we expect Orffyreus to explain each man every detail of working mechanism of machine? How could he satisfy all of them without giving his secret?   If he was going to explain each man, everything about his invention, he was running a risk of losing the great secret for nothing.  Layman as well as learned man who were in front of him with prying eyes and who rose unending questions to him infact expected too much from the Orffyreus and Orffyreus was not in position to satisfy all of them.  Moreover, if he was not going to answer any thing to them, then naturally he was offending the people for no fault of his own.  Thus, Orffyreus remained in a dilemma forever about what to tell and what not to tell about working of his invention. When people were not satisfied, they took no time to ridicule his invention as a fraud.  Under such circumstances, it was not possible for him to shut every loud mouth so he was simply helpless to stop enemies mushrooming around him like the heads of a monstrous Hydra.

 

Conclusions:

 

                Obsessed and prejudiced fully with conservation of energy principle, unfortunately, many authors attempt to dismiss the entire evidence, and they consider Orffyreus’ wheel as nothing more than the fraud or trickery.  They have not been able to evaluate the valuable evidence impartially.  This is an act of injustice, ignorance, and an inexcusably glib response to a remarkable genuine inventor! And, it must be deplored in strong terms.  Orffyreus must be honored as father of perpetual motion.  Perpetual motion took its move when Orffyreus came to the world with his genuine invention.  He has inspired many individuals to reinvent perpetual motion machine.

 

Let me conclude by saying that all evidence is powerful:

 

       Because of independent corroborating testimony which has come to us from different persons in different times.

       Because the accounts were written immediately after the event or in the presence of the turning wheel.

       Because perpetual motion machines were constructed in location never before visited by the Orffyreus.

       Because conditions of the observations ranged from good to excellent and didn't allow for fraud of the sort to produce the perpetual motion.

       Because observers were many and all highly qualified man.

       Because investigators had no alliance with the inventor or a blood relation

       Because in a span of 15 years Orffyreus was never detected in fraud of any kind.

       Because his machines produced power of a magnitude that can't be explained away by fraud.

 

               To explain the entire array of the machines and its actions as due to conjuring or fraud, we must endow Orffyreus with an implausible degree of conjuring skill or else with access to technology known to no scientist of his day and present time.  Even today, to imitate the Orffyreus wheel and program it to run for a period of 40 days with enough power and same functional ability, which it had displayed at the Castle of Weissenstein would require a group of engineers and energy experts.  Clearly, the entire repertoire of the events presented by investigators is impressive and pose a challenge to the scientist. 

 

An Ostrich, often shy and weak to face any danger in front of him when see a danger in front of him, he makes a vain attempt to safe guard him by burying his head into the ground. In doing so, though he pretends that he is not facing the danger or believes that danger is gone, he is in error, soon he is killed.  Scientist must come forward to accept the challenge. They must cease to act like an Ostrich.

 

             Orffyreus could not do well to secure the favorable recognition of scientific world.  He failed to solve disputes amicably and thus could not avert the circumstances that led to an unhappy end.  One circumstance, which may have told unfavorably upon the reception of the Orffyreus work in scientific world, is that he did not mention or credit any predecessor. Orffyreus had no skill in mathematics. Had he put forward his invention and theory of perpetual motion in a clever manner to label it as a development and demonstration of a Copernican theory or Galilean theory or proof of Newtonian celestial mechanics or proof of Kepler' laws of motion, then scientist of his time would have hesitated to call his invention a nonsense completely.  Perhaps, it may be said that Orffyreus lacked sophistication, instinct, or intelligence of a working theoretical scientist.

 

Ramananda comments:

 

“Orfyyreus failed to convince man of science, because neither he had support nor he did exercise any diplomacy or tact to receive their support. Instead dedicating his book to God, Orffyreus could have better planned to dedicate it either to count Karl or Newton. His book “Truimpham Orffyreum …” was eulogy about his own invention and himself, but it didn’t work better, instead he should have written an eulogy on the king or some great contemporary scientist. By drawing a parallel between his king and God, describing his king as one of the great masters born to bring a new order into the world or by writing hymns of praise to Newton Orffyreus could have better pleased them  to protect his invention.  Alas! Orffyreus did not possess skill in human relations and failed to get cooperation of those with whom he came in contact.”

 

                 For a new theory to be successful and acceptable, one needs to credit and applaud first the prevailing theories of science and their propounders. It is almost mandatory if they are not dead because when alive they are sure to resist the new thought or the invention because it contradicts their own theories.  Probably, one of the principal reason for the desuetude into which his invention fell is, however the failure of the Orffyreus himself to induce cooperation of the great man of science living in his time and make any vital connection with them. He largely relied on help of Leibniz who died prematurely.  Moreover, on account of disputes with Leibniz over calculus, Newton was reluctant to respond Orffyreus in a favorable manner.  Orffyreus did not seek other alternatives. If Newton was unwilling to lend his support because his invention did not fit his theory and posed a threat to it, Orffyreus could have rushed to Robert Hook to take advantage of his rivalry with Newton but here too Orffyreus failed in simple diplomacy.

 

 And all was vanity and vexation of his mind, Orffyreus didn't choose to dedicate his work to a single influential man, as to some knight or king, or Count Karl. Pleased then they could better help Orffyreus, instead he dedicated his work to God, to the public, to man of learning, and to himself as discoverer. When he was in trouble , no one out of them   came forward to take him out of the predicament!

 

It is tempting to speculate, vain though it be, that what might have been the influence of the perpetual motion on the science and technology, had great men of science helped Orffyreus to bring his invention to the world.

 

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                                      Copyright 2005 Dr. Ramesh Menaria all rights reserved.